St. Lucia lies at latitude 13 54' north of the Equator and 60 50' west. One of the Windward Islands, St. Lucia is located in the middle of the Eastern Caribbean chain of islands, and is approximately 21 miles south of Martinique and 90 miles northwest of Barbados. Castries (population 50,000) is the island's capital city and is situated in the north-west part of the island.
St. Lucia is 238 sq. miles (616 sq. Km), 27 miles long, 14 miles wide with a combination of high mountains, forests, low lying lands and beaches. There is a central mountain range that runs the length of the island, with peaks ranging between 1000 and 3145 feet. The two towering volcanic cones on the southwest coast, Gros Piton (797m) and Petit Piton (750m) are one of the Caribbean's most famous landmarks. The volcanic origin of St. Lucia provides visitors with an opportunity to visit a "drive-in volcano" and take a dip in the reputedly therapeutic Sulphur springs.
The climate on the island of St. Lucia is tropical, with temperatures ranging from 70-90' Fahrenheit. The rainy season in St. Lucia is from June - November, and the drier period between December and May. Average rainfall is between 160-360cm depending on the altitude.
St. Lucia has a population that is currently estimated at 150,000 with a workforce of about 65,000. Annual population growth rate is approx. 2%. English is the official language of St. Lucia, however a French-based patois is widely spoken.